Tourism plays an important role in the country’s development. Green tourism is another way to promote sustainable development without neglecting nature. The practice of green tourism will promote environmental sustainability, culture, and growth of communities. Its main idea is to maintain sustainability for future generation’s use.
Sustainable development in tourism aims to leave a positive impact on the places visited by tourists. Green tourism in sustainable development is divided into three main areas which are human welfare, animal welfare, and nature preservation. When the tourism industry is well managed, it will not only lead to a positive economic outcome but for cultural and environmental growth.
Basic Principles of Green Tourism Development
Preservation. It does not only aim to avoid damage and pollution but it also enhances the environment. When the natural beauty of the environment is preserved, the tourism industry will continue to be sustainable.
Education. Tourism activities should educate both tourists and locals. Bringing awareness about what is green tourism and its importance to others will help promote its advocacies.
Economy. Economic opportunities are flourished may it be on transport, accommodation, or guide services. The revenues from tourism are used for infrastructure, education, jobs, real estate, and overall economic development.
Participation of local communities. Green tourism aims to bring locals together and participate in promoting their culture. Tourism has either direct or indirect benefits for the community.
Benefits of Green Tourism
The benefits of green tourism are not only focused on revenues and income but it also acknowledges problems that the tourism industry faces. In general, its benefits are sub-divided into three main categories such as social, economic, and environmental benefits.
1. Social benefits
It allows for more opportunities for local people to promote their business in an environment-friendly way. It helps increase employment and income. A tourism industry that is sustainable rather than being destructive is ideal. The locals should have pride and ownership of their place while being welcoming to visitors.
2. Economic benefits
Tourism makes a big chunk of the economy. To help the tourism industry, the best way is to patronize local products such as local food and destinations. Not only that tourists contribute to sales and profit but it increases jobs, tax revenues, and income especially for small businesses.
3. Environmental benefits
One of the goals of green tourism is to protect the environment. In green tourism, it promotes the reduction of the use of energy. It also raises awareness about the preservation, conservation, and revitalization of the environment.
How to be a Sustainable Tourist?
Green tourism can be attained not only by locals but by tourists as well. The role of tourist plays an important role in the development of sustainability. They do not only contribute to the economy but it is also possible that they leave a carbon footprint if they tend to be careless. If you are a tourist, here are things to keep in mind to contribute to the development of sustainability in a particular place:
- Choose eco-friendly tours
Choosing eco-friendly tours is quite complicated because you would only know if they practice eco-tourism by availing of their service. The best way to know if they practice green tourism is by checking the feedback from their previous clients and some have some affiliations to ecotourism associations.
- Buy from locals
Whenever you visit a destination, it is always best to choose local products available in that place. That is a way to know more about their culture and to help small businesses. The tourism industry grows when a tourist will not only visit the place but also patronize the products and services that they offer.
- Try to minimize your trash
Trash is unavoidable but as much as possible don’t leave anything behind. Simple ways of throwing your garbage in the right place will help preserve the aesthetics of the place. Even if you are at travel, practice the 3’s (reduce, re-use, and recycle). It would also be helpful if you will only buy essential things. This will not only lessen waste but it allows you to save money.
- Stay in eco-places
Before going to a particular place, make a research where you can stay. Hotels that practices eco-friendly techniques are surely into sustainability. Hotels that are into ecotourism promote their ways on their website so it will be easier to identify them.
- Do not disturb flora and fauna
This is should always be followed anywhere you go. All living things that you see around such as plants and animals need to be respected. Plants and animals are a sustainable way to acquire food. In most places, these living things are an essential part of a culture that needs to be protected.
The overall idea of green tourism is to make sure that environmental, economical, social, and cultural resources are well utilized. It does not only boost your concern with the environment but, it allows you to have a greater appreciation for nature. The need for sustainable tourism is the way to lessen the negative aspects of the environment.